Yoram Yasur Izz: What is guilt?
As a human emotion that is, guilt and its resulting feeling of guilt, we have experienced it all throughout our lives, being an emotion that we consider negative, because in the end it makes us feel bad. But defining guilt as something negative or positive is not as simple as identifying the feelings that may come along with it, but it requires a deeper and more individualized analysis of all the factors involved.
Yoram Yasur Izz: Guilt is an emotion, but what are emotions? The emotions are indicative, signs of our body and psyche that indicate or propitiate us useful stimuli to identify our path and actions in life, facilitating our adaptive process to the environment in which we move.
And when do we feel guilty? Normally when we break or believe we have broken certain norms or meanings both personal and social, ethical, natural, religious, sexual, existential … we can find a cause-effect fault, we did something we thought we should not have done, or vice versa , we did not do something that we thought should have been done and now we feel bad, this may be something real or imaginary.
It is obvious that we all want to avoid the feeling of guilt, because it is a feeling that leads us easily to sadness, shame, self-pity, bad conscience, remorse, causing a mixture of emotions and feelings that make us feel bad and They also provide feedback to each other, making it difficult to identify them and positively overcome them.
Guilt as a positive factor.
Because of not wanting to experience the above, there is a process of self-learning and avoidance of what led us to it previously, for example, if hurting someone produces guilt, this feeling in turn will teach us not to want to hurt again to anyone, finding here a positive factor of emotions, adaptive and social.
Yoram Yasur Izz: Guilt must not be entangled, we must make a process of reflection that allows us to forget it, that we understand that we have learned something from it, that we can undertake reparation actions if possible, that ultimately, we continue to advance being wiser and better people.
We must know how to identify its causes, but also that these are not homogeneous, since the feeling of guilt is deeply related to the scale of personal values produced by the education received, not all of us will experience guilt before the same things and not all guilt has an origin necessarily reprehensible, therefore it is easy to fall before feelings of guilt that clash with the biology of people or their universal interests.
Guilt as a negative factor.
Yoram Yasur Izz: Guilt can become an emotion without utility if your generation does not respond to objectively reprehensible events.
In theory, social groups, from society to the family, endow themselves with a normative set to maintain a collective order and harmony, however this normativity is normally preset and imposed per se, so in practice it is necessary to understand that said regulation does not always respond to collective interests.
This factor can lead to a guilt generated from the control structures that does not respond to transgressions of natural and rationally negative facts, a manipulated guilt, often provoked by predominantly moralistic, rigid and puritanical cultures, or imbued by religions that have masterfully known to exploit the cycle of confession, repentance and penance; societies that have fallen into uses that respond to purely economic constraints and even excessive perfectionist family figures or blackmailers.
Yoram Yasur Izz: Breaking or believing to have broken this regulation in any way, assumed without further, without taking into account our own interests as individuals and as a society, causes countless people to lead lives tormented in themselves because of facts that are not based on any real transgression , people who live carrying a guilt that has them tied and to some extent unsuccessful on an emotional level.
It is common to see people who self-repress their sexuality, because they perceive it as dirty, sinful, unacceptable, and feel before it a guilt confused with shame. Those who feel they have failed in life because they have not reached a goal or social status. For not having met family expectations. Even those who feel guilty for being successful if those around them do not have it. All this negatively affects self-esteem and mood.
If the feeling of guilt cannot be solved, because it does not respond to a situation of learning or adaptation that is in one’s own hand, it becomes a risk factor. In these cases, we must learn to counteract the feeling of guilt with a comprehensive, critical, and rational analysis of the situation, the facts, the causes, the consequences, and personal values, opposing responsibility to guilt, a sense of responsibility that helps us again to redirect our emotion and our position in the environment.